Contact Us  |  RFP  |  Careers

IPPC logo
Transfer Pricing in India Balancing Compliance and Tax Efficiency in a Globalized World

Transfer Pricing in India: Balancing Compliance and Tax Efficiency in a Globalized World

In today’s globalized business environment, multinational enterprises (MNEs) face various cross-border tax challenges. One critical aspect of international taxation is Transfer Pricing, a method that allows MNEs to allocate profits between related entities located in different countries. This blog delves into the intricacies of Transfer Pricing in India, its applicability, methods, and the importance of balancing compliance with tax efficiency.

What is Transfer Pricing and Related Party Transactions?

Transfer Pricing refers to the pricing of goods, services, and intangibles between related entities within a multinational company. These internal pricing arrangements, known as Related Party Transactions, allow businesses to allocate profits to operations in lower tax jurisdictions. While Transfer Pricing itself is not illegal, manipulating prices to evade taxes through Double Taxation Avoidance Agreements (DTAAs) is a serious concern for tax authorities worldwide. As a result, Transfer Pricing is heavily scrutinized under the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) initiative.

Applicability of Transfer Pricing in India

India, as a significant player in the global economy, has implemented stringent Transfer Pricing regulations. The applicability of Transfer Pricing in India began in the fiscal year 2001-02 with the introduction of the Transfer Pricing Regulations through the Finance Act, 2001. These regulations are governed by Sections 92-94F of the Income Tax Act, 1961, which also address cross-border transactions and DTAAs.

In 2012, the scope of Transfer Pricing in India was extended to include specified domestic transactions through the Finance Act, 2012, effective from the assessment year 2013-14. Domestic Transfer Pricing in India applies to transactions where the value exceeds INR 20 Crores and involves expenditures between related parties that do not reflect market value.

Methods of Transfer Pricing in India

The principle of ‘Arm’s Length Price’ underpins Transfer Pricing in India. This principle ensures that the price charged in a transaction between related parties is the same as if the parties were unrelated. The methods used to determine the Arm’s Length Price include:

  1. Comparable Uncontrolled Price (CUP) Method
  2. Resale Price Method (RPM)
  3. Cost Plus Method (CPM)
  4. Profit Split Method (PSM)
  5. Transactional Net Margin Method (TNMM)
  6. Other prescribed methods based on non-related entity prices

The choice of method depends on the specifics of the transaction and the relationship between the entities involved.

The Importance of Transfer Pricing

Transfer Pricing is crucial for both businesses and the global tax system. For tax authorities, it ensures that businesses conduct transactions ethically and do not exploit tax benefits like DTAAs to avoid paying their fair share of taxes. For businesses, effective Transfer Pricing strategies enable optimal allocation of profits across tax jurisdictions, maximizing profitability while ensuring compliance with tax regulations.

Compliance with Transfer Pricing regulations is not only a legal requirement but also a hallmark of good corporate governance. Non-compliance can lead to severe penalties and damage a company’s reputation. Therefore, it is essential for businesses to strike a balance between tax efficiency and compliance, adhering to both international and domestic Transfer Pricing rules.

Achieving the Balance with Expert Transfer Pricing Services

Given the complexities of Transfer Pricing, it demands high-quality expertise, time, and effort. Balancing compliance with tax efficiency requires a deep understanding of both international and domestic tax laws. At I.P. Pasricha & Co. (IPPC GROUP), we offer comprehensive Transfer Pricing services to help businesses navigate these challenges effectively.

Our team of experts develops robust, defensible Transfer Pricing strategies that align with your business goals and regulatory requirements. We ensure that your Transfer Pricing model is consistent with your value chain and adaptable to your evolving business dynamics.


Transfer Pricing is a critical aspect of international taxation, particularly for MNEs operating in a globalized world. In India, stringent regulations ensure that businesses comply with Transfer Pricing rules while optimizing their tax liabilities.

At I.P. Pasricha & Co. (IPPC GROUP), we provide expert guidance and services to help you achieve the delicate balance between tax efficiency and compliance.

Contact us to learn more about how our Transfer Pricing services can benefit your business.


Subscribe Our Newsletter

Copyright © 2023 I.P. Pasricha & Co. | All Rights Reserved 

Scroll to top